Obesity is a worldwide problem; people in developed countries are particularly victim to this dangerous condition. An increasing trend in teenage obesity is especially dangerous as it is increasing obesity-related morbidity and mortality. According to a survey by US Department of Health and Human Services, 14% of American teenage population is over weight or obese which is a future risk for increasing burden of diseases like Diabetes mellitus, heart attack, stroke, obstructive sleep apnea and others on the health system of the country. Teenage obesity is more hazardous because teenagers are succumbing to complications of obesity earlier in life leading to reduced life expectancy.
To overcome the problem of obesity in teenage different weight loss options are available. Weight reduction with dieting and exercise seems to be the main therapy for individuals who are overweight or obese with body mass index less than 35 kilogram per meter square. As you gain more weight and reach a BMI of 35, things become difficult to control on exercise and dieting. For individuals who have body mass index 35 or above Bariatric surgery is the best option to lose weight.
The previous assumption that bariatric surgery should only be performed when body mass index rises to 40 or more is no truer now. The advantages of having Bariatric surgery at a BMI 35 are even greater; it reduces weight more efficiently at low body mass index than at extremely high body mass index. A research conducted at Stanford University analyzed the outcome of 981 obese people who underwent gastric bypass surgery. Body mass index of these patients was in the range of 35 to 50 and above. The result of the analysis showed that patients who had body mass index 35 to 40 had a better outcome regarding safety of the procedure, effective weight loss and remission of diabetes mellitus than those who had a high body mass index.
So, it is useless to wait for your body mass index going above 40 for deciding Bariatric surgery rather Bariatric surgery should be performed as body mass index reaches 35. The two most commonly performed procedures at body mass index 35 include gastric bypass surgery and adjustable gastric banding (lap-banding). The issue of safety and complications is also resolved with these two minimally invasive and safe procedures. Gastric bypass surgery and laparoscopic gastric banding involve minimal handling of the stomach, so fewer chances of complications are there if these procedures are selected for treatment of teenage obesity at body mass index 35 or greater.
Regarding selection of a facility for Bariatric surgery procedures, it should be remembered that a dedicated Bariatric surgery hospital with experience surgeons, anesthetists, nutritionist, sterilized operation theaters, intensive care unit facility and other facilities for the safety of patients, is the best choice. Bariatric surgery performed at such a dedicated Bariatric surgery hospital carries little risk of complications and patient recovers earlier and loses wait quickly. Bariatric surgery centers that claim to be cheap in the market don’t possess that much safety and patient undergoing the relevant Bariatric surgery procedures at such center may increase their problems by getting complications of surgery.