Obesity is a worldwide problem; people in developed countries are particularly victims of this dangerous condition. An increasing trend in teenage obesity is especially dangerous as it increases obesity-related morbidity and mortality.
According to a survey by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 14% of the American teenage population is overweight or obese, which is a future risk for increasing burden of diseases like Diabetes mellitus, heart attack, stroke, obstructive sleep apnea, and others on the health system of the country. Teenage obesity is more hazardous because teenagers succumb to complications of obesity earlier in life, leading to reduced life expectancy.
The previous assumption that bariatric surgery should only be performed when the body mass index rises to 40 or more is no truer now. The advantages of having Bariatric surgery at a BMI of 35 are even greater; it reduces weight more efficiently at a low body mass index than at an extremely high body mass index. To overcome the problem of obesity in teenage, different weight loss options are available.
Class 1: 30 to 35 BMI
Class 2: 35 to 40 BMI
Class 3: 40+ BMI
Weight reduction with dieting and exercise seems to be the primary therapy for individuals who are overweight or obese with a body mass index of fewer than 35 kilograms per meter square. As you gain more weight and reach a BMI of 35, things become difficult to control with exercise and dieting. For individuals with a body mass index of 35 or above, bariatric surgery is the best option to lose weight.
About the Study
Research conducted at Stanford University analyzed the outcome of 981 obese people who underwent gastric bypass surgery. The body mass index of these patients was in the range of 35 to 50 and above. The result of the analysis showed that patients who had a body mass index of 35 to 40 had a better outcome regarding the safety of the procedure, effective weight loss, and remission of diabetes mellitus than those who had a high body mass index.
So, waiting for your body mass index to go above 40 is useless before deciding on bariatric surgery when you are eligible for a body mass index that reaches 35. The most commonly performed procedures at body mass index 35 include gastric sleeve (VSG), gastric bypass surgery, and adjustable gastric banding (lap-banding). These two minimally invasive and safe procedures also resolve safety and complications. Gastric bypass surgery and laparoscopic gastric banding involve minimal handling of the stomach, so there are fewer chances of complications if these procedures are selected for treating teenage obesity at a body mass index of 35 or greater.
Researching a Bariatric Facility
Regarding the selection of a facility, remember that a dedicated bariatric surgery hospital with experienced surgeons, anesthetists, nutritionists, sterilized operation theaters, and an intensive care unit facility is the best choice. Bariatric surgery at such a hospital carries little risk of complications, and the patient recovers earlier and loses weight quickly.
Bariatric surgery centers that claim to be cheap in the medical tourism market don’t possess that much safety. Patients undergoing the relevant Bariatric surgery procedures at such centers may increase their problems by getting surgery complications.