Connection Between Obesity and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
Obesity is a major health problem around the world. In the United States, about 300,000 deaths per year are attributed to obesity. Obesity also increases the risk of developing several chronic diseases such as type II diabetes, insulin resistance, coronary heart disease (CVD), hypertension, gout, gallstones, colon cancer, sleep apnea and a form of liver disease called non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Obesity is defined as excessive body fat. The normal amount of body fat (expressed as a percentage of body weight) is between 25-30% in women and 18-23% in men. Women with more than 30% of body fat and men with more than 25% of body fat are considered to be obese. Another simpler way of defining obesity is to calculate body mass index (BMI). BMI is a mathematical formula that takes into account the weight and height of a person in calculating the degree of obesity.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
In adults, normal weight is defined as BMI between 20 and 25, overweight is 25 to 30, obesity is anything over 30, significant obesity is 35 to 40, morbid obesity is 40 to 45, super obesity is 45 to 50, and super-morbid obesity is greater than 50. Eighty percent of obesity-related deaths occur in obese people with BMI greater than 30. To find your BMI, please see the Body Mass Index (BMI) chart.
- Underweight – Below 18.5 BMI
- Normal Weight – 18.5-25.0 BMI
- Overweight – 25.0-30.0 BMI
- Class I Obesity – 30.0-35.0 BMI
- Class II Obesity – 35.0-40.0 BMI
- Class III Obesity – 40.0 BMI and Over
What Is Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)?
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to liver diseases ranging from steatosis (fat build up in the liver) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH – fat in the liver that causes inflammation in the liver – to cirrhosis (irreversible, advanced scars on the liver in response to chronic liver inflammation). Today, it is believed that all fatty liver phases are due to insulin resistance, a condition closely related to obesity. In fact, BMI correlates with the degree of liver damage, which means that the higher the BMI, the greater the damage to the liver.
Alarming Statistics on Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease is largely observed in developed countries. In these societies, the sedentary lifestyle and the high consumption of calories, sugars, and fats cause high prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes.
The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is currently the most common liver disease in the United States and worldwide, affecting 10-24% of the world’s population. In the United States, Centers for Disease Control reported that half of the US adult population is currently over normal weight (BMI> 25) and one-quarter of the US adult population has a BMI over 30. That means more than 29 million Americans have a fatty liver, and 6.4 million of them have non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Even more alarming than this statistic, non-alcoholic fatty acid disease occurs in children in the United States.
Physicians report that women with a NAFLD diagnosis often are significantly overweight. Weight gain and obesity are the risk factors that are most commonly associated with the fatty liver disease. In addition, studies show that women with high blood sugar levels, insulin resistance (prediabetes) or diabetes are often diagnosed with NAFLD.
NAFLD Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease is Linked to:
- Weight gain
- High blood sugar
- Insulin resistance
- Metabolic syndrome
- Hormonal Imbalances
- Menstrual irregularities
- Ovarian cysts
Fatty Liver Disease in Women
Women suffering from NAFLD usually have a hormonal imbalance and menstrual irregularities. Studies have shown a direct link between estrogen hormone and ovarian cysts. Several medical studies have shown that diagnostic NAFLDs diagnose women with metabolic syndrome (metabolic imbalance) and polycystic ovarian syndrome (ovarian cysts). Dr. Kinkhabwala, Faculty of Medicine, Mount Sinai, in 2007 published a major report that 70% of overweight women with metabolic syndrome and ovarian cysts also had fatty liver disease. This same historical study showed that women who lost only 9% of their total body weight had a complete turnaround of their liver disease.
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Symptoms
Causes of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
The liver plays an important role in fat metabolism. When the process of metabolism ability to function changes, fat begins to accumulate in the liver. At first, you might think that eating fatty foods causes liver stomatosis, but that is not the case. Although being overweight is often overlooked by non-alcoholic fatty acids, this is because the liver cannot properly metabolize the fats in your diet – no matter how much or how little you eat.
- The liver is responsible for storing excess glucose in the blood (sugar). If blood sugar is too high, excess sugar converts into fat and accumulates in the liver.
- Some health professionals believe that chronic or systemic Candida explosion causes serious metabolic problems. They found evidence that Candida albicans, a type of yeast found in your intestinal tract, can cause non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
- Excessive Candide Stimulation Can Cause Sugar Cravings – which also makes women gain weight and contributes to fatty veins. Foods rich in sugar and refined carbohydrates (which turn into sugar in your body) are the worst offenders.
- Proliferative Candida causes accumulation of excess bacteria, sugar, and toxins in the body. These are serious factors that lead to metabolic disorders, high levels of blood sugar, and hormonal imbalances. All these health risks also contribute to weight gain and liver steatosis.
Fatty Liver Disease Remedies
Fatty liver disease remedies or treatments are needed as the liver begins to accumulate more and more fat. Weight loss, lowering blood sugar, and cleansing toxins are key factors in removing fat in the liver. Keep in mind that evidence suggests that chronic overweight candida can be the major cause of fatty liver disease. Candida is associated with increased body weight, metabolic disorders, hyperglycemia, and hormonal imbalances. These are the most critical factors in the liver.
The simple truth is that our liver has an extraordinary healing power. It can repair damaged cells and regenerate their tissue. Women who really want to overcome the fatty liver can feel the freedom to feel healthy. A woman who suffers from NAFLD can reverse liver fat by treating or suppressing the cause.
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Diagnosis and Treatment
Since alcohol-free fatty acid in most cases does not cause any symptoms, the doctor often cures when tests for other reasons point to the liver problem. This can happen if your liver looks unusual for ultrasound or if you have an abnormal liver enzyme test.
Tests conducted to diagnose the severity of the disease includes:
- Blood tests
- Full blood count
- Liver enzyme and liver function tests
- Tests for chronic viral hepatitis (hepatitis A, hepatitis C, and others)
- Test for celiac screening
- Fasting blood sugar
- Hemoglobin A1C, which shows the stability of blood sugar
- Lipid profile, which measures blood lipids, such as cholesterol and triglyceride
Fatty Liver Disease Treatment
The first line of treatment is usually weight loss through a combination of healthy eating and exercise. Weight loss fulfills the conditions that contribute to the non-alcoholic liver disease. Ideally, 10% of weight loss is desirable, but improving risk factors can become apparent if you lose even three to five percent of the initial weight. Weight loss surgery is also an option for those who need to lose a lot of weight. Your doctor may recommend that you receive hepatitis A and hepatitis B virus vaccines that may cause other liver damage. For those with cirrhosis due to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, liver transplantation may be an option. The liver transplant results in this population group are generally very good.
It is important to understand that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can become a very serious medical condition. Keep a look out for the symptoms of NAFLD.