Gastric Bypass vs Duodenal Switch
After you determine your candidacy for bariatric surgery, the bariatric surgeon will recommend weight loss procedure options that best suits you based on your health, BMI, and devotion to the procedure. Here we will be explaining each procedure in detail and its pros and cons for you to see which weight loss surgery option fits you best. Remember each procedure makes biological differences in anatomy that affects the body impacts your lifestyle.
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) is often compared to the newer procedure Duodenal Switch w/ BilioPancreatic Diversion (DS/BPD). Both are very similar in method of weight loss, but both have slight differences that make each surgery ideal for particular individuals. Duodenal switch is a newer procedure than Gastric Bypass and is reserved for morbidly obese patients (BMI>50) or patients who want to be really skinny.
Which Procedure is Best for Me?
Gastric bypass surgery has a lot more long-term data and results than its newer counterpart, duodenal switch surgery. The patient needs to weigh out the risks and rewards of each surgery.
The duodenal switch has more expected weight loss than gastric bypass surgery, although it also has many more potential complications than RNY. The RNY bypass has been known as the gold standard of bariatric surgery and has been around since 1967.
Do I Qualify for Gastric Bypass?
Do I Qualify for Duodenal Switch?
What is the Biggest Difference?
Gastric bypass surgery is the most popular weight loss surgery but doesn’t provide the highest expected weight loss. Duodenal Switch provides the highest average expected weight loss available but comes with more risks and complications.
Acid Reflux and GERD (Pyloric Valve Regulating Food)
In the duodenal switch, the stomach size is reduced and the pyloric valve, or pylorus, stays untouched. Restriction in the stomach increases gastric pressure and reduces gastric emptying. In gastric bypass, the pyloric valve stays connected to the separated stomach, and the new pouch redirects most of the stomach acid to stay out of the esophagus. Therefore, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is best for patients with acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Dumping syndrome is an abdominal discomfort accompanied by rapid heart rate, palpitation, nausea, vomiting, and explosive bowel evacuation. It is estimated that over 50% of gastric bypass patients experience dumping syndrome due to the unregulated flow of food from the stomach to the small bowel.
- Early Dumping Syndrome – Instantly after eating food. Symptoms include abdominal pain, cramping, nausea, and light-headed.
- Late Dumping Syndrome – 1 to 2 hours after eating food. Symptoms include lack of energy, exhaustion, perspiration, and feeling “out of it.”
Staying on the post-op diet usually fixes this problem and patients usually outgrow symptoms.
If the patient has had or currently has ulcers, the duodenal switch is recommended over gastric bypass surgery. The pouch that is formed with bypass surgery is so small, it is referred to as the “blind” stomach. It is nearly impossible for ulcers to be detected without a doctor laparoscopically scoping the stomach under anesthesia. Taking Aspirin or Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) increases the risk of ulcers.
Curing Obesity-Related Health Problems
Both procedures cure comorbidities like Types II Diabetes and hypertension, however, duodenal switch surgery is much more effective with remission of obesity-related diseases. The duodenal switch also shows much quicker results in its metabolic effect.
Table Comparison of Gastric Bypass versus Duodenal Switch
Statistics show that since 2005, sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass have been the most widely requested and effective treatments of morbid obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Gastric Bypass Surgery, once known as the “gold standard”, accounted for 80% of all bariatric procedures performed in the United States. Today, Gastric Sleeve Surgery accounts for over 90% of all weight loss surgeries performed across the country.
Comparing Costs and Insurance Coverage
The costs of gastric bypass surgery range from $5,995 to $19,000 depending on where the surgery takes place. In Mexico, the price is as low as $5,995 and maintains a high-quality procedure. In the United States, self-pay ranges from $15,000 to $30,000 for gastric bypass surgery. Duodenal switch surgery costs anywhere from $6,000 to $35,000 around the world. At Mexico Bariatric Center, we pioneered the duodenal switch surgery in Mexico and have some of the most highly trained surgeons specializing in duodenal switch surgery. Our price is only $7,995.
The criteria for bariatric surgery insurance coverage follow strict guidelines for patients who get accepted. The process takes at least one year just to be approved by most insurance providers. Patients must follow the pre-op diet, fail a strict diet program, and meet with many medical professionals, psychologist, and a dietitian before approval.