Gastric sleeve is good for patients with extensive scars from a previous surgery in the abdominal area. Sleeve is also suitable for patients with ulcer history, taking aspirin, or smoke.
RNY gastric bypass is better for patients with severe acid reflux and GERD. Patients with slow metabolism are better off with gastric bypass. Also, if patients have previously had gastric fundoplication surgery, meaning the stomach is wrapped around the esophagus valve to control acid reflux, then gastric bypass is the best option for them.
The notable difference between these two operations is that gastric bypass provides slightly more expected excess weight loss (%EWL) than the gastric sleeve and is better suited for the resolution of obesity-related health problems. On the other side, the RNY gastric bypass has higher rates of risks and more complications than the sleeve gastrectomy.
Gastric sleeve is less invasive than gastric bypass because there is no rerouting, or bypassing, and portion of the intestines. As a result of the malabsorption, essential nutrients and minerals are not absorbed by the body. Therefore, it is important to take vitamins and dietary supplements lifelong after gastric bypass.
There is a chance to stretch the new stomach (stoma) in gastric bypass and not so much in gastric sleeve as the pyloric valve stays intact. The possibility of a future revision surgery has many effective options for sleeve patients, although not so many for RNY patients.