Laparoscopic Surgery Safety
Laparoscopic surgery is as safe as open surgery while being much less invasive. All intestinal surgeries come with their inherent risk factors. Factors such as the individual’s health and medical conditions can increase risks substantially.
Risk of infection and bleeding are also important to note. The purpose of laparoscopic surgery is to limit these risks as much as possible.
Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery
Some advantages of performing the operation laparoscopically over traditional open surgery are:
1. Reduced Risk of Bleeding
Due to the small size of the incision(s) made being so small, the risk of bleeding is greatly reduced.
2. Faster Healing and Reduced Risk of Pain
The small wounds that follow laparoscopic surgery heal much more quickly than an open incision. And because they are smaller, the pain experienced by patients is also reduced. This is why bariatric patients are able to return home quickly (within days) after surgery. In some cases, patients are able to go home on the same day or the day after their surgery.
3. Less Scarring and Risk of Infection After Surgery
Larger incisions are more likely to lead to infection for patients. Infection can occur during an open surgery due to exposure to external contaminants. And after surgery, the scars are more susceptible to infection as well.
Aside from the risk of infection, herniation is at higher risk with open procedures. A herniation is particularly a risk for overweight/obese patients, making laparoscopic surgery with smaller incisions optimal.
4. Disadvantages of Laparoscopic Surgery
Higher risk of bowel obstruction: Patients with previous abdominal surgery, previous bariatric surgery, or with complicating medical conditions, may need to have open surgery performed.