Obesity is a complex, multifactorial, chronic disease involving environmental (social and cultural), genetic, physiologic, metabolic, behavioral, and psychological components. It is the second leading cause of preventable death in the US (300,000 – 587,000 deaths annually).
Definition of Obesity
The degree of excess body fat is determined using the Body Mass Index (BMI), which employs both weight and height to calculate the measurement. Obesity exists when a person’s BMI is 30 or greater.
An ideal BMI weight is from 19 to 25. If your BMI is between 25 and 30, you are considered overweight. If it is higher than 30, you are obese. A person with a BMI of 40 to 49 is morbidly obese. A BMI of 50 or more is known as super obesity or super morbid obesity. And a BMI of over 60 is called super-super morbid obesity.
Morbid obesity (class III) is defined when:
- If your BMI is 40 or more, you are said to have “morbid” obesity.
- A person weighs at least twice his or her ideal weight
- and at least 100 lbs. (45 kilos) more than his or her ideal weight.
The disease of morbid obesity is associated with undesirable implications for general health. It also interferes with essential physical functions such as breathing or walking. The above statements provide only an available description of morbid obesity.
Obesity Increases Health Risks
We use the term “morbid obesity” because this degree of excess weight may considerably reduce life expectancy and is associated with an increased risk of developing conditions or diseases such as:
Proper weight loss can improve your health and quality of life while reducing your risk of developing associated conditions and diseases.
Read more: The Health Risks Tied to Obesity
Health Risks Shorten Life Span
If you already have some diseases, such as diabetes or heart disease, they can get worse as the more weight you gain, the more risk you have. As a result, your life expectancy is shorter. You also may be less capable of doing things to improve your health.
Exercise is important to good health. But severe obesity makes you less mobile. It is hard to exercise or take part in sports. Severe obesity can also affect fertility which means you are less likely to become pregnant. Even if you did become pregnant, you would most likely have more problems during pregnancy and childbirth.
People with weight problems also often have a negative self-image. Obese children, for instance, could be teased at school and have few friends. You may find it hard to buy clothes that look good. Bus or train seats, telephone booths, and cars may be too small. You will also likely be left out of social functions requiring exercise. People with severe obesity often find themselves socially isolated, which can lead to depression and even suicide.
Risks in day-to-day living
Even ordinary tasks become harder when you are severely obese. You tend to tire more quickly. You may also have breathing problems. Not being able to move also makes it hard for some people to maintain personal hygiene.
Obesity Treatment: Weight-Loss Surgery
Suppose diets, exercise programs, and other non-surgical methods have failed to help you achieve long-term weight loss. Consider a bariatric operation to reduce your stomach’s capacity to help decrease and control your appetite.
Not everyone who has a weight problem should consider surgery. It depends on whether or not you are overweight, obese, or morbidly obese. One way to tell is by your Body Mass Index (BMI). Your BMI depends on both your weight and your height.
Who should consider weight-loss surgery?
A BMI above 35 suggests surgery is a proper approach. For some people with a BMI between 30 and 35 (“severe” obesity), sleeve surgery might also be a good choice. These are people who have other conditions. For instance, if your BMI is 32 and you have severe sleep apnea, diabetes mellitus, or heart problems, your doctor might suggest surgery to help you lose weight via bariatric weight loss.
Find out if you qualify today.